As Bar and Bench proceed with its Recusal Watch arrangement, a point usually raised is that to state that a judge has recused from a case amounts to nothing, unless we likewise report the explanations behind the recusal.

While we concur with the wide tenor of this feedback, it likewise underlines the significance of making smart estimates about the purposes behind the recusals, given that the judges, all in all, have a tendency to be hesitant about them.

Freedom and fairness, it is stated, are the two columns without which equity can’t stand, and the motivation behind legal recusal is to support them. Yet, notwithstanding its criticalness, neither the conditions under which judges recuse nor the systems for distinguishing them are sufficiently clear. It is a Catch 22 that a judge needs to sit in his own particular reason, so as to choose whether he could do as such.

The reason for this segment, is subsequently, to recognize those conditions, and comprehend the strategies that empower them, regardless of whether we can just succeed in part. The intention is to at any rate record the exposed points of interest of the recusals, and leave the explanations behind recusals to be surmised by the perusers.

The purposes behind recusals are interminable. A judge isn’t under any Indian law commitment to unveil an association with the case, to be specific, holding of offers in an organization, being a lesser of the senior direction before, one of his previous youngsters being recorded as an attorney for one of the gatherings, having managed the case before at the high court, and so on.

In any case, this section is for the most part about intentional recusals by judges, who don’t unveil reasons why they are recusing from a case.



Keeping in mind the end goal to discover which judge recused from which case, we utilized the Free Text look choice under the Daily Orders tab on the Supreme Court site and utilized diverse mixes of catchphrases for the most part utilized by the judges while recusing. The day and age were from January 2 to December 16, the last working day of the year.

Distinctive mixes of watchwords were utilized independently to produce query items, and subsequent to evacuating the covering cases, we got a close thorough, if not 100% exact rundown. We numbered the cases independently, regardless of whether more judges recused from hearing a similar case, as it is the demonstration of recusal, as opposed to the real number of cases, that should check in the investigation. As the quantity of more than one judge recusing from a similar case is more a special case than the run, this is probably not going to affect the outcomes.

What the 2017 information appears

Information separated out from the Supreme Court’s site demonstrates that in 2017, 28 judges recused from no less than 376 cases. The yearly information on recusals is fascinating for what it uncovers and what can be surmised.

To begin with, let us investigate what it uncovers.

Our information demonstrates that there were two judges who needed to recuse from cases more habitually than different judges, and both had been straightforwardly lifted from the Bar. They were Justices Uday Umesh Lalit and L Nageswara Rao. Equity Lalit was raised to the seat in 2014, while Justice Rao was designated in 2016. Our exploration demonstrates that both recused from hearing 43 cases each amid the year.

Judges UU Lalit and LN Rao

The other judge who was straightforwardly lifted from the Bar was Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman. Regarding the quantity of recusals, Justice Nariman comes fourth, with 27 recusals.

Equity AM Khanwilkar possesses the second position, with 37 recusals, while Justice RK Agrawal comes third, with 29 recusals amid the year.

Prior to his height to the Supreme Court, Justice Khanwilkar was the Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh High Court, while Justice Agrawal had filled in as the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court. Equity Khanwilkar was designated to the Supreme Court on May 13, 2016, while Justice Agrawal was raised on February 17, 2014.

Equity Abhay Manohar Sapre, who was raised to the Supreme Court on August 13, 2014, had filled in as the Chief Justice of the Gauhati High Court for around 10 months. He comes fifth, with 22 recusals.